Welcome to the Africa Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
Equality, dignity and the link between gender-based violence and sanitation
19 November has been formally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly as World Toilet Day
World Toilet Day has been marked by international and civil society organizations all over the world for many years. However, it was not formally recognized as an official UN day until a UNGA resolution of 24 July 2013, which requested UNWater, in consultation with relevant entities of the United Nations system and in collaboration with Governments and relevant stakeholders, to facilitate the implementation of World Toilet Day in the context of Sanitation for All.
The objective of this initiative is to make sanitation for all a global development priority and urge changes in both behaviour and policy on issues ranging from improving water management to ending open defecation. Today, 2.5 of the world’s seven billion people, mostly in rural areas, do not have proper sanitation and 1.1 billion people still defecate in the open. This has significant impacts on human health, dignity and security, the environment, and social and economic development. The countries where open defecation is most widely practiced are the same countries with the highest mortality rate of children under five, high levels of under nutrition and poverty, and large wealth disparities.
World Toilet Day intends to raise awareness of sanitation issues – including hygiene promotion, the provision of basic sanitation services, and sewerage and wastewater treatment and reuse in the context of integrated water management – ad make a case for sanitation for all. It intends to encourage UN Member States and relevant stakeholders, including civil society and non-governmental organizations, to promote behavioural change and the implementation of policies in order to increase access to sanitation among the poor and end the practice of open defecation.
• 1 in 3 women are victims of violence at least once in their lifetime.
• 1 in 3 women do not have access to safe toilets
• 2.5 billion people – that’s 1/3 of the globally population – do not have access to safe toilets
• 1 billion people do not have access to a toilet, and are forced to go out in the open
• 9/10 people who defecate openly live in rural settings