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Niger River Basin Management Project

to support institutional strengthening of the Niger Basin Authority and enhance benefit sharing around the planned Fomi Dam

Niger River Basin Management ProjectHighlights
• CIWA deepens its engagement in West Africa and
the Sahel region through a new partnership with the Niger Basin Authority (NBA) on the Niger
River Basin Management Project
• The $7.5 million project to target strengthening the institutional framework and fi nancial sustainability of the NBA as well as enhancing regional cooperation around improving environmental and social aspects of the planned Fomi Dam
• Regional cooperation around planned infrastructure in the Niger Basin is critical for distributing impacts and benefi ts in a way that improves livelihoods in line with varying needs across the basin and for promoting overall sustainable economic growth

 Water Security to Local, Regional, and Global Challenges

Water, a Vital Source

Africa Water Sanitation  Hygiene in 2014 July - August Vol. 9 No.4 page48 image655Freshwater is a key resource for human health, prosperity and security. It is essential for poverty eradication, gender equality, food security, and the preservation of ecosystems.

Yet billions of people worldwide are confronted with serious freshwater challenges, from water scarcity, poor quality, lack of sanitation facilities, to waterrelated disasters such as fl oods and droughts. Some 80% of the world’s population lives incareas with high water security threats.

The UN General Assembly declared access to clean water and sanitation a human right in July 2010. But lack of access to drinking water of adequate quality and quantity remains one of the largest human health problems globally. Although the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target on water supply was met in 2010, more than 600 million people still lack access to safe drinking water, with over 40% living in sub-Saharan Africa.

Water Conflict

water warsjpgWater is one of our most critical resources, but around the world it isunder threat. Worldwater.org is dedicated to providing informationand resources to help protect and preserve fresh water around the globe.

In an ongoing eff ort to understand the connections between water resources, water systems, and international security and confl ict, the Pacifi c Institute initiated a project in the late 1980s to track and categorize events related to water and confl ict, which has been continuously updated since November 2009.


A Family Activity Keeping Kids & Adults Healthy

Family Activity1For kids, washing hands can be a fun and entertaining activity. It is simple enough for even very young children to understand . Handwashing gives children and adults a chance to take an active role in their own health. Once kids learn how to properly wash their hands, they can—and often do—show their parents and siblings and encourage them to wash hands, too.

Parents can help keep their families healthy by:

• Teaching them good handwashing technique
• Reminding their kids to wash their hands
• Washing their own hands with their kids

Investing In the Reuse of Treated Wastewater


370420Note171InvestInReuse01PUBLIC1Of the projected 1 billion growth in global population by 2015, 88 percent will take place in cities, nearly all of it in developing countries (UNDP 1998). Investments in urban water supply and sewerage coverage are rising, as shown in Figure 1. However, as shown in Table 1, adequate treatment for agricultural reuse with acceptable risk mitigation for human health and the environment will require further investment (World Bank and Swiss Development Corporation 2001).

Inadequate Sanitation Costs 18 African Countries around US$5.5 Billion Each Year

• These countries account for 554 million people, which is more than half of Africa’s population.
• The annual economic losses due to poor sanitation are equivalent to between 1% and 2.5% of GDP.
• The true cost could be much higher: this analysis only deals with losses due to premature deaths, healthcare costs, losses in productivity, and time lost through the practice of open defecation.
• Other adverse impacts of inadequate sanitation likely to be significant, but difficult and expensive to estimate, include the costs of epidemic outbreaks; losses in trade and tourism revenue; impact of unsafe excreta disposal on water resources; and the longterm effects of poor sanitation on early childhood development.

Time running out’ says UN as CO2 levels hit record April high

WMO chief says new data shows world leaders must urgently reach a deal to limit atmospheric carbon dioxide levels.

By Ed King

Carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere rose from 278 parts per million in 1750 toCarbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere rose from 278 parts per million in 1750 toWorld leaders are running out of time to address the threat of climate change, the UN’s chief meteorologist warned as carbon dioxide levels hit record highs in April.

Data released by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) revealed that for the first time CO2 topped 400 parts per million (ppm) in April throughout the northern hemisphere.




Current Issue: Africa Water & Sanitation & Hygiene March-April 2017 Vol.12 No.2